Heuristics and Diagnostics for Complex Systems (Heudiasyc) - UMR CNRS 7253

Founded in 1981 and associated with the CNRS from the start, the mission of the UTC-Heudiasyc research unit is to carry out research into automation, decision-making, imaging and computing, taking human factors into account.

Objectives

The scientific project developed within Heudiasyc is based on the synergy between upstream, basic research and finalized, applied research, to meet society's main challenges: safety, transportation, STIC (Science and Technology for Information and Communication), environment and health in close collaboration with various professional partners, notably industrialists. Several platforms and demonstrators have been assembled in the laboratory and they illustrate perfectly the scientists' desire to confront their basic research work with complex application areas.

The objective is to provide the means of representing, analysing and controlling technical systems subject to criteria and constraints expressed in scientific, technological, economic terms and in terms of impact on society and the human population.

Teams and Research Topics

Heudiasyc is developing its activities with four research teams:

  • Automation, Embedded Systems & Robotics (ASER)
  • Decision-making Imaging (DI)
  • Information Knowledge Interaction (ICI)
  • Networks & Optimisation (RO)

Valorisation

  • 2 patents per year on average
  • 9 computer programs under licence, GNU GPL and CeCILL
  • 4 Start-ups created : Facing-IT (2006), Mobisense Systems (2007), Reviatech (2008) and ClosyCom (2012)
  • 2 licensed computer programs: RVPI (Continental) and MEMORAe (Thales)

Platforms

Implementation of the methods developed takes place on experimental test rigs in the laboratory: instrument fitted vehicles, drone fleets and mobile robots, sensor arrays, virtual reality (VR), railroad surveillance, inter-vehicle communication, tactile tables, distributed communication, etc.

Industrial partners

Major companies such as Alstom, EADS Astrium, BASF, EMIMusic, Orange, PSA, Renault, SANOFI-AVENTIS, SFR, SUEZ Environment, Thales and VEOLIA Environment...

SMEs: 50A, EMISSIVE, ERSA, KELIS, METROVISION, SBG Systems, Tour Equipement and VIVERIS...

International Partners

European Union and Algeria, Brazil, Canada, China, South Korea, United Kingdom, Japan, Lebanon, Mexico, Tunisia and the USA...

Within the context of regional projects, Heudiasyc is participating in 2 specializations for the Picardie Region's strategic plan for research :

  • mobility factors and urban life,
  • smart vehicles and a systemic analysis of passenger and freight mobility.

And two transverse priorities:

  • health, life-styles
  • education, learning, technologies

At the national level, the laboratory has accepted the challenge of the government incentive "Investments for the Future"; it both:

  • holds the "Control of Technological Systems-of-Systems" Laboratory of Excellence award (Labex MS2T),

UTC-Heudiasyc is an active participant in the two global competitive clusters:

  • "i-Trans", which covers innovative land transportation systems (Nord-Pas-de-Calais, Picardie),
  • Systematic Paris-Région, cluster dealing with software and complex systems (Ile-de-France Region, Greater Paris).

It is involved in several Research Network Groups and collaborates with a number of laboratories both in France and abroad, in numerous research projects.

ANR Projects

RéCIF an acronym for belief networks designed to assess Operating Safety parameters for rail-road infrastructures quantitatively. The aim is to investigate the facts and to propose solutions to model rail-road infrastructures using socalled belief networks.

DIADEM, an acronym for Dynamic DIAgnostics and Provisional Maintenance for Train mounted on-board systems. The aim of this project is to develop diagnosis and prognostics tools of the three 'sensitive' train devices (air-conditioning, brakesystems and door operations) that would enable real time potential forecasting before failure. This per se adds an improvement to maintenance work and to time-table compliance.

Ecopack is a project that focuses on new forms of collaborative work that have become possible by a computer-intensive socio-technical environment including various devices (tables, tactile pads, smartphones, PCs). One of the objectives is to offer a shared application accessible for each collaborator via these devices.

VEGAS is a project with the objective of designing, developing and assessing a virtual laboratory based on co-simulation, with two types of simulator. The first is an ERTMS simulator that models the system's functions. The second simulator is a telecomm system simulator that allows modelling of absolutely any form of telecommunications, from the physical layer to the application layer.

FUI Projects

SERA : as we observe the development of aids to driving, there are new opportunities for an implementation of augmented reality techniques (computer generated images superimposed on reality) in a vehicle for the purpose of improving overall safety factors and drive-passenger comfort. The project calls for the assembly of a prototype vehicle integrating a camera image acquirement system and a wind-shield optical projection system to add the computer generated images (augmented reality) related to driver-useful data - the prototype prefigures self-drivevehicle 'cockpits'.

European Projects

CoMoSeF (Co-operative Mobility Service for the Future) aims at creating services and equipment needed for a large implementation of co-operative applications in transport, complying with the ITS Action Plan as well as with national strategies of the other European partners.

MASH (MAssive Sets of Heuristics) is a project for the design of computer systems that assist and enhance collaborative development of new automated learning systems to ensure successful complex task management.

VERVE is a joint international research venture, involving UTC-Heudiasyc and the Technical University (TU) Ilmenau at Thüringen, Germany. The scientific objective assigned to the project is the development of a new concept for a "smart" all electric vehicle (SEV) that will contribute to smart, ecologically safe, transport systems to be tested in both the German Thüringen and French Picardie regions.

Picardie Regional Projects

CIME (Contextual Interactions for Mobility in Education) is a research programme that aims a creating computer based learning environments that are context sensitive to be implemented in mobile devices such as e-pads or smartphones to be used to assist visits to museums and other heritage site.

SEDVAC (on-board vehicle dynamics assessment and driver aid) is a programme designed to develop a system that will integrate vehicle environment data (for example, maps, tyre-road surface forces ...) so as to evaluate the dynamic behaviour of the vehicle and its impact on driver behaviour ...and to possibly alert the driver should a risk-prone/abnormal situation occur.

ECHOPEDIA is a programme that aims at developing methods to restore and segment 3D pediatric echo-cardiac images for the purpose of exploring possible congenital cardio-pathologies.

ARAKIS is a programme to develop simulations of various hazardous work conditions (dangerous sub-contractor work in high risk zones (in 'Seveso' category sites notably).

AgroSens : a revolution in smart sensors

The concept of wireless sensor networks (WISNs) leads to new and efficient means to limit the negative impact of agricultural practice on the environment. Professionals in the agro-sector - if they choose to implement AgroSens - will be in a position to optimise use of fertilisers, etc., and thus help to preserve the natural resources of the Earth. As Challal YACINE, senior lecturer at the University UTC puts it, "Wireless sensor networks ensure data retrieval and transmission in a reliable and secure manner to the system's supervisory and control station".

Data will feed into a decision aid system for agriculture (or for environmental monitoring). Abdelmadjid BOUABDALLAH, the UTC professor in charge of this project, adds that "we were faced with a real challenge interms of energy saving and secure routing of the data coming from sensors placed in often highly varied soil characteristics and environments."

A WISN infrastructure allows operators to benefit from continuous supervision of the state of the milieu (air temperature, hygrometric level, soil humidity, solar radiation), the state of the crops (leaf temperature), thereby gaining in optimisation of use of resources (water, fertilisers and pesticides), likewise helping attain better management control of irrigation, and improving crop yield in terms of quantity and quality and, last but not least, helping to predict possible plant diseases.

Smart Cars

If you can gain half a second when you realize there's an obstacle ahead of you on a road, then you have several metres extra distance to brake and in the end this may save lives (including yours). The research team headed by Philippe Bonnifait, called "Automation, Onboard Systems, Robotics" with the Heudiasyc Laboratory, aims at improving vehicle mobility and safety by introducing so-called smart cars.

"The question", reflects Philippe "is how can a driver become a supervisor?" This does not mean removing human beings from the driving seat, but rather to make the most of the machine's built-in capacity to control and regulate motion and navigation, in order to free the driver's mind for decision-making processes, as and when needed.

"Driving can be summarised as 2 main operations: perception of theenvironment in which the vehicle is moving and then ordering the vehicle to move, appropriately, as desired. So, if you want to make the vehicle more intelligent, i.e., smarter, you must give it the capacity to perceive the outside world"; Philippe Bonnifait's teams have installed on-board sensors : hyper or ultrasonic frequency radars (used for example as parking aids), optic telemetry (lasers, cameras), localisation systems (GPS). The challenge thereafter is to process the data in real time. "At UTC, we are working on how to bring the data together and create physical models as an application of the general, so-called, separation principle. In the first instance, we deal with questions that relate to perception, followed by those that relate to control functions."

However, measuring the outside world is not so easy as we can imagine: "firstly, you have to workout the degree of reliability of the data provided by the sensors, to avoid taking a decision that in fact is using false information". The constraints are partly physical - sensors have a limited range of investigation; cameras work less well (or not at all) at night; lasers are disturbed by rain droplets. The summed effect of these uncertainties corresponds to what scientists call ambient or background "noise", signals that deform data - and this is an area of research that is of particular interest to the UTC scientists. "We are currently working on schemes that allow us to modelise the uncertainties; from these we establish a degree of confidence that can be assigned to each result."

Smart cars are not just for everyday, normal drivers. They could be extended to handicapped persons or to those who are getting too old to drive. We can imagine people driving in perfectly safe conditions even though they can not turn their heads left or right or can not see too well. They too should be able to benefit from the onboard smart concept, shouldn't they?

Contact

Directeur du laboratoire HEUDIASYC
Ali Charara
Phone : 03 44 23 46 45 | Contact by email

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